- Inside the Guide
- What is...
- Why and how to use The Good Enough Guide
- 1. Involve people at every stage
- 2. Profile the people affected by the emergency
- 3. Identify the changes people want to see
- 4. Track changes and make feedback a two-way process
- 5. Use feedback to improve project impact
- 6. Tools
- Tool 1: How to introduce your agency: a need-to-know checklist
- Tool 2: How accountable are you? Checking public information
- Tool 3: How to involve people throughout the project
- Tool 4: How to profile the affected community and assess initial needs
- Tool 5: How to conduct an individual interview
- Tool 6: How to conduct a focus group
- Tool 7: How to decide whether to do a survey
- Tool 8: How to assess child-protection needs
- Tool 9: How to observe
- Tool 10: How to start using indicators
- Tool 11: How to hold a lessons-learned meeting
- Tool 12: How to set up a complaints and response mechanism
- Tool 13: How to give a verbal report
- Tool 14: How to say goodbye
- 7. Other accountability initiatives
- 8. Sources, further information, and abbreviations
- Thank you
ECB Project on Twitter#DRR advisors from @ecbproject attend Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction #gpdrr13 http://t.co/QTibhkRtsW 6 hours ago
The Good Enough Guide
Tool 4: How to profile the affected community and assess initial needs
1. What is the background of the affected group(s)? Are they from an urban or rural background?
2. What is the approximate number of people affected and their demographic characteristics? (Include a breakdown of the population by sex, and children under five. Include numbers of 5–14-year-olds, pregnant and lactating women, and those aged 60 and over, if data are available.)
3. Who are the marginalised/separated people in this population group (for example, female-headed households, unaccompanied children, disabled, sick, elderly, ethnic minorities, etc.). Do they have specific needs? How have they been affected by the current crisis?
4. Are there particular family, ethnic, religious, or other groupings among the affected people? Are any groups particularly hard to access?
5. Who are the key people to contact/consult? Are there any community members or elders leading the people affected by the emergency? Are there organisations with local expertise (for example, churches, mosques, or local NGOs) that can be part of decision-making?
6. What are the biggest risks, in terms of health and protection against violence, faced by the various groups of people affected by this emergency and what agency is addressing them?
How have women been affected? Do they have specific needs?
‘In the early stages in Gujarat our distribution teams were almost exclusively male. The SPHERE guidelines prompted us to send an all-female survey team into earthquake-affected communities to talk to women. As a result, we developed a hygiene kit for women and got funding for 23,000 kits.’ ‘The immediate relief operations in Sri Lanka were largely gender-blind. Few organisations considered providing women with sanitary needs, underwear or culturally appropriate clothing. The needs of pregnant or breastfeeding mothers were not sufficiently catered for.’
Source: Srodecki (2001); IFRC (2005)
From Oxfam (no date) ‘Background Information: Checklist for Rapid Assessments In Emergencies’(adapted); IFRC (2000) Disaster Preparedness Training Manual (adapted); IFRC (2005) World Disasters Report 2005 (adapted); J. Srodecki (2001) ‘World Vision use of Sphere standards in a large scale emergency: a case study of the spring 2001 Gujarat response’, World Vision (internal, adapted).